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  • Writer's pictureMartha Yasso

Basic Types of Bookkeeping Accounts for Small Businesses

Bookkeeping is an essential part of running a successful small business. It is the process of recording financial transactions and using those transactions to inform decisions and strategic planning. Bookkeeping accounts are the building blocks of any sound bookkeeping system. They provide the information needed to monitor the financial performance of the business and provide a reliable source of data for tax filings.

Accounts Receivable

Accounts Receivable is a bookkeeping account that tracks money owed to a business by its customers for goods or services that have been provided on credit. This account is important for businesses that offer credit terms to their customers, as it helps to keep track of how much money is outstanding and when payments are due. It is important to stay on top of Accounts Receivable as it is a key indicator of the financial health of a business.

Accounts Payable

Accounts Payable is a bookkeeping account that tracks all of the money owed to suppliers, vendors, and other parties by a business. This account records any payments made to those parties and updates the balance accordingly. This type of bookkeeping account is essential for small businesses, as it helps them keep track of their financial obligations and ensure they are paid in a timely manner.

Owner's Equity

Owner's Equity is a type of bookkeeping account that reflects the value of a business's assets and liabilities. It is also referred to as "net worth," "net assets," or "shareholder's equity." This account is used to track the amount of money that a business owner has invested into their business, as well as any profits or losses that have occurred since the business began. It is an important part of any bookkeeping system, as it provides an accurate record of the financial health and viability of a business.


Inventory is a type of bookkeeping account that tracks the supplies and products that a business has in stock. It allows businesses to keep track of what they have on hand and determine when they need to restock. Inventory accounts also allow businesses to determine how much they have spent on products, how much they have sold, and the cost of goods sold. This information can be used to calculate the gross profit, which helps business owners make better decisions about their businesses.

Payroll Expenses

Payroll expenses refer to the costs associated with paying employees for their work. These include salaries, wages, bonuses, commissions, vacation pay, sick pay, and any other form of compensation. Payroll expenses also include taxes and employee benefits such as health insurance and retirement contributions. Payroll expenses are typically one of the largest expenses to manage for small businesses and are typically major expense items on financial statements.

Retained Earnings

Retained Earnings are an important bookkeeping account for small businesses. It is the cumulative total of a company's net income or losses minus any dividends that have been paid out over a period of time. The amount of Retained Earnings is reflected on the company’s balance sheet and is used to calculate the company’s financial health. The money can be used to reinvest in the business to help it grow or to pay off any debts or liabilities. It is important to keep track of Retained Earnings in order to accurately assess a company's financial position.

Final Thoughts

Bookkeeping is an essential part of managing a small business. By understanding the basic types of bookkeeping accounts, small business owners can ensure that their financial records are properly maintained and that their finances remain in order.

Stay on top of your small business finances with the help of Yasso Bookkeeping Solutions. We are a business bookkeeping service that has the expertise to empower you to make better financial decisions and spend more time running your business. Book a call now!

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